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it is a state of water going from gas to liquid

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it is a state of water going from gas to liquid, Ice is the solid state of water, and when water goes from a solid to a liquid state, it is called melting. The ice melts when a substance in a gaseous state comes into contact with it. If you bring this liquid to the boiling point by heating it, the liquid water changes into a gaseous state and it is formed into steam. You can see the particle model of water in the liquid state in the following figure. The distances between the particles in a liquid are larger than in a solid, and one speaks of evaporation when a liquid changes to the gaseous state below its boiling point.

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it is a state of water going from gas to liquid

Water can exist in different states – solid, liquid, and gas. When water is heated, it changes from a liquid to a gas. This process is called boiling. Boiling water has bubbles because the particles of water that have turned into gas are trying to escape the liquid.

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when water reaches 100 degrees celsius

when water reaches 100 degrees celsius

We all learned in school that tap water boils at a temperature of 100°C. Due to the heat supplied, water freezes at 0 degrees and becomes gaseous at 100 degrees. That is why the gas bubbles always form where the heating surface is. This is the simplest explanation for boiling point. Liquids boil when the vapor pressure is higher than the external pressure. That's why you can't boil eggs in the high mountains. When water changes its state of aggregation, the boiling point is reached. The water actually boils normally at a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius when it changes states. However, we often see delayed boiling when putting water in the microwave. You know this with water: if you heat it to 100 degrees Celsius in a kettle, it boils and bubbles, water vapor rises and disperses. We've all learned that water boils at 100 degrees Celsius, noticeable a degree or two when the air pressure changes around us,” says

the water molecules have enough energy to move around

the water molecules have enough energy to move around

The water molecules on Earth have enough energy to move around, which makes our planet habitable. The water molecule consists of three atoms: an oxygen atom (O) and two hydrogen atoms (H). The formula for water is H2O. However, this is not enough to increase the water temperature. Only when the energy is transferred in such a way that it causes the movement (translation) of the water molecules, the temperature of the water will increase. The water begins to freeze when the water molecules no longer have enough kinetic energy to close the hydrogen bonds.

as the temperature decreases, the molecules slow down

as the temperature decreases, the molecules slow down

The temperature of a substance affects the kinetic energy of its particles. As the temperature decreases, the molecules slow down and have less energy. This entropy, or measure of how freely molecules can arrange themselves, depends on the temperature. If the particles stop moving entirely, this is called the freezing point. The optimal temperature for most enzymes is 37 degrees Celsius. Below this optimal temperature, particle movement is slower and the substrate(s) and enzyme have less energy.

when the molecules are close together, they form a liquid

when the molecules are close together, they form a liquid

In a liquid, the molecules are close together and are constantly in motion. This means that a substance in the liquid state is called a liquid. With a liquid, you can take any portion, and since liquids don't have a free space for movement, they are more dense than gases. It is used to separate substances whose boiling points are close together from a mixture. In the liquid state, the molecules offer no serious resistance to displacement by a solid.

surface tension

surface tension

Water can exist in three different states: solid (ice), liquid, or gas (vapor). The state of water depends on the temperature and pressure. For example, water will change from a solid to a liquid when it is heated up. The process of changing from a liquid to a gas is called boiling, and the point at which this happens is called the boiling point.

cohesive forces between water molecules

cohesive forces between water molecules

The cohesive force between the particles in water gives it the ability to move evenly and form water droplets and bubbles. These cohesive forces are caused by intermolecular attractions such as Van der Waals forces, which act between molecules of different substances (e.g. paint and wall) as well as between particles of different materials (e.g. sand and water).

adhesive forces between water molecules and other surfaces

adhesive forces between water molecules and other surfaces

Adhesives make it possible to connect surfaces with one another by taking advantage of the adhesive forces that exist between the adhesive and the surfaces. These adhesive forces are a result of the cohesion and adhesion of water molecules. The cohesion and adhesion forces between the particles create surface tension, which leads to phenomena such as capillary action and cohesion between water molecules.